KNEE PROBLEMS AND TREATMENTS
THE NORMAL KNEE
The knee joint is the body’s most complicated weight-bearing joint, located between the bottom of the thigh bone (femur) and the top of the shin bone (tibia). It is a complex hinge-type joint providing a combination of bending, gliding and twisting movement. The joint surface is covered by articular cartilage which enables smooth movements of the joint. There is a semi-lunate shaped meniscus (sports cartilage) on each side of the knee e.g. between the joint surfaces, providing further cushioning. The knee is stabilised by several ligaments of which the most important ones are the two ligaments at the sides and the two cruciate ligaments within the joint. Learn more here.